Stinkefrucht

Stinkefrucht Riecht sĂŒĂŸlich-faul

Diese stachligen FrĂŒchte die in etwa 3 kg schwer werden, heißen auch im Volksmund "Stinkefrucht". Der Durianbaum (Durio zibethinus, thailĂ€ndisch àž—àžžàč€àžŁàž”àžąàž™, RTGS-Umschrift Thurian; malaiisch Pokok Durian Kampung), auch Zibetbaum genannt, ist eine. Durian – Die tropische Stinkefrucht. Reise & Urlaub. Durian Frucht HĂ€ndler. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 DURIAN Königin aller tropischen FrĂŒchte; 2 Das Aroma. FĂŒr manche ist die Durian die Königin der TropenfrĂŒchte, andere wollen das auch Stinkfrucht bezeichnete Obst nicht einmal geschenkt. "Stinkefrucht" Durian wird gratis verteilt und fliegt ins All. Die exotische Frucht wurde heuer schneller reif als sonst, das fĂŒhrte zu Überangebot.

Stinkefrucht

FĂŒr manche ist die Durian die Königin der TropenfrĂŒchte, andere wollen das auch Stinkfrucht bezeichnete Obst nicht einmal geschenkt. "Stinkefrucht" Durian wird gratis verteilt und fliegt ins All. Die exotische Frucht wurde heuer schneller reif als sonst, das fĂŒhrte zu Überangebot. Diese stachligen FrĂŒchte die in etwa 3 kg schwer werden, heißen auch im Volksmund "Stinkefrucht". Kategorie Elektronik Oscars Hauptdarsteller Taschenrechner im Vergleich. Italiens KĂŒstenwache befreit Meter-Pottwal. Bis heute click man noch keine Erkenntnis ĂŒber die medizinische Bedeutung der Read article. Wann erhĂ€ltlich in Deutschland:. Facebook und anderen Applikationen z. Artikel Stinkefrucht. Kategorie Zuhause Relaxsessel Relaxsessel im Vergleich. Supermarkt liefert Mangos im Lamborghini aus. Gut zu erkennen sind Fruchtschale und die Fruchtkammern, die den Arillus enthalten.

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Setzt sich der Geruch erst einmal fest, ist es schwierig, ihn wieder loszuwerden. Anmelden Registrieren. In asiatischen GeschĂ€ften finden sich des Öfteren jedoch tiefgefrorene ganze FrĂŒchte, Durian-Segmente Samen mit Fruchtfleisch sowie gefrorenes Fruchtfleisch. Kategorie Drogerie Leinöl Leinöl Produkte. Passwort wiederholen. Er hatte aber vergessen, den Eremiten einzuladen.

When durian is minced with salt, onions and vinegar, it is called boder. The durian seeds, which are the size of chestnuts, can be eaten whether they are boiled, roasted or fried in coconut oil , with a texture that is similar to taro or yam , but stickier.

In Java , the seeds are sliced thin and cooked with sugar as a confection. Uncooked durian seeds are potentially toxic due to cyclopropene fatty acids and should not be ingested.

Young leaves and shoots of the durian are occasionally cooked as greens. Sometimes the ash of the burned rind is added to special cakes.

The nectar and pollen of the durian flower that honeybees collect is an important honey source, but the characteristics of the honey are unknown.

Tempoyak , made from fermented durian in Bandung , West Java , Indonesia. Tempoyak ikan patin , catfish in tempoyak curry, Palembang , South Sumatra , Indonesia.

Ketan durian , glutinous rice with durian sauce in Indonesia. Durian cake made of durian-flavoured dodol , Indonesian traditional sweet candy.

A street side durian ice cream in Bogor , West Java , Indonesia. Durian gelato in Singapore. Durian cakes from Pontianak , West Kalimantan , Indonesia.

The origin of the durian is thought to be in the region of Borneo and Sumatra , with wild trees in the Malay peninsula , and orchards commonly cultivated in a wide region from India to New Guinea.

Inside there are five things like elongated oranges, and resembling thick butter, with a combination of flavours. In , Herbarium Amboinense by the German botanist Georg Eberhard Rumphius was published, providing the most detailed and accurate account of durians for over a century.

The genus Durio has a complex taxonomy that has seen the subtraction and addition of many species since it was created by Rumphius.

It has been planted in the Americas but confined to botanical gardens. In Southeast Asia, the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the midth century.

In , the British botanist E. His theory was that endozoochory the enticement of animals to transport seeds in their stomach arose before any other method of seed dispersal , and that primitive ancestors of Durio species were the earliest practitioners of that dispersal method, in particular red durian D.

However, in more recent circumscriptions of Durioneae, the tribe into which Durio and its sister taxa fall, fleshy arils and spiny fruits are derived within the clade.

Some genera possess these characters, but others do not. The most recent molecular evidence on which the most recent, well-supported circumscription of Durioneae is based therefore refutes Corner's Durian Theory.

Since the early s, the domestic and international demand for durian in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN region has increased significantly, partly due to the increasing affluence of Southeast Asia.

A common local belief is that the durian is harmful when eaten with coffee [41] or alcoholic beverages. In , J.

Gimlette wrote in his Malay Poisons and Charm Cures that the durian fruit must not be eaten with brandy.

Croft wrote in his Bombacaceae: In Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea that "a feeling of morbidity" often follows the consumption of alcohol too soon after eating durian.

Several medical investigations on the validity of this belief have been conducted with varying conclusions, [10] though a study by the University of Tsukuba finds the fruit's high sulphur content inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase , causing a 70 percent reduction of the ability to clear toxins from the body.

The durian is commonly known as the "king of fruits", [5] a label that can be attributed to its formidable look and overpowering odour.

A durian falling on a person's head can cause serious injuries because it is heavy, armed with sharp thorns, and can fall from a significant height.

Wearing a hardhat is recommended when collecting the fruit. A common saying is that a durian has eyes, and can see where it is falling, because the fruit allegedly never falls during daylight hours when people may be hurt.

However, people have died from durian falling on their heads, especially young children. A naturally spineless variety of durian growing wild in Davao , Philippines, was discovered in the s; fruits borne from these seeds also lacked spines.

It was called "Durian Botak" 'Bald Durian'. Animals such as Sumatran elephants and tigers are known to consume durians.

One of the names Thailand contributed to the list of storm names for Western North Pacific tropical cyclones was ' Durian ', [76] which was retired after the second storm of this name in Being a fruit much loved by a variety of wild beasts, the durian sometimes signifies the long-forgotten animalistic aspect of humans, as in the legend of Orang Mawas , the Malaysian version of Bigfoot, and Orang Pendek , its Sumatran version, both of which have been claimed to feast on durians.

In Malaysia, a decoction of the leaves and roots used to be prescribed as an antipyretic. The leaf juice is applied on the head of a fever patient.

It instructs the reader to boil the roots of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis with the roots of Durio zibethinus , Nephelium longan , Nephelium mutabile and Artocarpus integrifolia , and drink the decoction or use it as a poultice.

Southeast Asian traditional beliefs, as well as traditional Chinese medicine , consider the durian fruit to have warming properties liable to cause excessive sweating.

Pregnant women or people with high blood pressure are traditionally advised not to consume durian. The Javanese believe durian to have aphrodisiac qualities, and impose a set of rules on what may or may not be consumed with it or shortly thereafter.

The increased demand for durians in China has prompted a shift in Malaysia from small-scale durian orchards to large-scale industrial operations, with forests being cleared to make way for large durian plantations.

In translations of Linschoten's writings, the fruit is spelled as duryoen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Durian disambiguation.

For a complete list of known species of Durio, see List of Durio species. Durian market in Thailand. Durian pancake in Indonesia.

United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved Oxford University Press. Fruits of Warm Climates. The Straits Times. Retrieved 26 May A Consumers Guide on World Fruit.

BookSurge Publishing. Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper. Retrieved 18 August Via durion , the Indonesia name for the plant.

Plant Systematics and Evolution. Bombacalceac ". Archived from the original on Missouri Botanical Garden. American Journal of Botany.

Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. In Drenth, A. Diversity and management of Phytophthora in Southeast Asia. Archived from the original PDF on See also pp.

The Ecology of Sumatra. ST Foodies Club. Department of Agriculture, Thailand. Durian OnLine. Year of the durian. The New York Times.

The Nation. Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 21 June Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia. The Independent Insight.

Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 10 November In Brunei Darussalam, D. The people in Brunei prefer the other species, such as D.

These species are quite commonly distributed in the country and together with other species like D.

Bangkok Post Brunch. Retrieved 23 April Overview of Minor Tropical Fruits". Thailand News — Thailand official news and information.

Thailand: Foreign Office. Food Market Exchange. Fact Sheet. Rare Fruits Council of Australia.

The Observer. The Oxford Companion to Food. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 6 October The Malay Archipelago: The land of the orang-utang and the bird of paradise.

Sasquatch Books. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. J Agric Food Chem. The Telegraph. Henry Holt and Co. On Food and Cooking Revised Edition.

Larousse Gastronomique. Clarkson Potter. Retrieved 4 July Sabah Tourism Promotion Corporation. Indonesia Lonely Planet Travel Guides.

Lonely Planet Publications. Durio, A Bibliographic Review. Honey: A Comprehensive Survey. Bee Research Association.

Wordsworth Editions. International Center for Research in Agroforestry. My Tropic Isle. Fisher Unwin.

New Scientist. The mangosteen season coincides with that of the durian and is seen as a complement, which is probably how the mangosteen received the complementary title.

Singapore Tourism Board. The Jakarta Post. The Star. An Indonesian—English Dictionary. Cornell University Press. Die Substanz ist bekannt aus zum Beispiel dem Lauch.

Aber in keiner anderen Frucht als in der des Durianbaums wurde sie bislang sonst beobachtet. Es gibt Verkostungen der unterschiedlichen Sorten und Provenienzen, vergleichbar mit Weinproben im europÀischen Raum.

In den HauptanbaulÀndern wie Malaysia oder Thailand gibt es viele unterschiedliche Sorten, die sehr geschÀtzt werden und entsprechende Preise erzielen.

Haupthandelszentrum fĂŒr Durian-FrĂŒchte ist Singapur. In asiatischen GeschĂ€ften finden sich des Öfteren jedoch tiefgefrorene ganze FrĂŒchte, Durian-Segmente Samen mit Fruchtfleisch sowie gefrorenes Fruchtfleisch.

Zum Verzehr öffnet man die ganze Frucht an den NĂ€hten und entnimmt die vom Fruchtfleisch umhĂŒllten Samen aus den einzelnen Kammern; man trennt das Fruchtfleisch vom Samenkern ab.

Die FrĂŒchte sollten bei Kauf unversehrt sein; ĂŒberreife DurianfrĂŒchte öffnen sich von selbst, worunter der Geschmack leidet und was auch bei extremem Duft Insekten anzieht.

In Singapur werden nach dem Genuss von Durian hĂ€ufig MangostanfrĂŒchte verzehrt, da sie helfen sollen, die etwas schwer bekömmliche Durian besser zu verdauen.

Eine Durian wird gerade geöffnet. Der Handschuh dient als Schutz vor den Stacheln. Vergleich von zwei Sorten. Gut zu erkennen sind Fruchtschale und die Fruchtkammern, die den Arillus enthalten.

Das Fruchtfleisch der Durian umhĂŒllt die Kerne — die Segmente werden auch portionsweise verkauft teils tiefgefroren. Die Samen werden in den AnbaulĂ€ndern ebenfalls zubereitet, z.

Es wird vor dem Genuss von Alkohol zusammen mit Durian gewarnt, da dies zu krampfartigen Bauchschmerzen fĂŒhren kann. Medizinische Untersuchungen zu dieser Frage brachten bisher kein eindeutiges Ergebnis, legen aber den Schluss nahe, dass keine schĂ€digende Wechselwirkung zu erwarten ist, die Beschwerden sind vorĂŒbergehend.

Dabei wird der Trinkalkohol Ethanol zunĂ€chst zu giftigem Acetaldehyd abgebaut. Hierzu werden Alkoholdehydrogenasen ADH benötigt. Im Fall der Durianfrucht sind Schwefelverbindungen fĂŒr die Hemmung verantwortlich.

Aufgrund der GeruchsbelĂ€stigung ist die Mitnahme von DurianfrĂŒchten in Hotels oder Flugzeugen meist nicht gestattet.

Setzt sich der Geruch erst einmal fest, ist es schwierig, ihn wieder loszuwerden. Im November sorgten im indonesischen Jakarta mehrere Tonnen Durian, die im Frachtraum einer Maschine der Sriwijaya Air verstaut worden waren, fĂŒr Tumulte unter den aufgebrachten Passagieren.

Das Flugzeug konnte erst mit einstĂŒndiger VerspĂ€tung starten, nachdem die FrĂŒchte wieder ausgeladen worden waren.

Im Mai musste eine Bibliothek der University of Canberra wegen eines vermeintlichen Gaslecks gerÀumt und von der Feuerwehr durchsucht werden.

Ein GebĂ€ude der Deutschen Post wurde komplett gerĂ€umt. Zwölf Mitarbeiter mussten wegen Übelkeit medizinisch versorgt werden, sechs davon wurden vorsichtshalber ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert.

Heute werden Ausleseformen in vielen Gebieten der Tropen angebaut, besonders auf dem Indischen Subkontinent , in Indochina und Malesien.

HauptproduzentenlĂ€nder sind Thailand, gefolgt von Malaysia und Indonesien. Die meisten Durians werden fĂŒr den lokalen frischen Konsum angebaut.

In die NachbarlĂ€nder wurden ĂŒberwiegend frische Durians exportiert, in die Vereinigten Staaten gefrorene FrĂŒchte. Editio decima tertia 
 Gottingae.

Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Durian BegriffsklĂ€rung aufgefĂŒhrt.

Kategorien : MalvengewÀchse Exotische Frucht Baum. NamensrÀume Artikel Diskussion. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

Hauptseite Themenportale ZufÀlliger Artikel. Durianbaum Durio zibethinus.

Stinkefrucht Inhaltsverzeichnis

Hinsichtlich ihres Geschmacks und Geruchs gibt es unterschiedliche Meinungen. Continue reading November sorgten im indonesischen Jakarta mehrere Tonnen Durian, die im Frachtraum einer Maschine der Sriwijaya Air verstaut worden waren, fĂŒr Tumulte unter den aufgebrachten Passagieren. Die Blattoberseite ist glĂ€nzend, Stinkefrucht Blattunterseite ist goldgelb oder silbern und https://hashtrack.co/casino-gratis-online/moulin-rouge-kleiderordnung.php dicht mit Schuppen bedeckt. Trends Trends. Die FrĂŒchte sollten bei Kauf unversehrt sein; ĂŒberreife DurianfrĂŒchte öffnen sich von Stinkefrucht, worunter der Geschmack leidet und was auch bei extremem Duft Insekten read article. Mit Facebook anmelden. Willkommen in unserer Community! Neues Passwort wiederholen. Das Fruchtfleisch der Durian umhĂŒllt die Kerne — die Segmente werden auch portionsweise verkauft teils tiefgefroren.

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Some individuals are unable to differentiate these smells and find this fruit noxious, whereas others find it pleasant and appealing. A rich custard highly flavoured with almonds gives the best general idea of it, but see more are occasional wafts of flavour that call Stinkefrucht learn more here cream-cheese, onion-sauce, sherry-wine, and other incongruous dishes. Smithsonian Institution. Ketan durianglutinous rice with durian sauce in Indonesia. Audio help. Gardens Bulletin Straits Settlements 6 : — Star Publications, Malaysia. In Drenth, A. Https://hashtrack.co/casino-gratis-online/extra-games-pfullendorf.php A Comprehensive Survey.

Stinkefrucht Durian - Stinke Frucht, aber köstlich

Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Da der König das gern Ă€ndern wollte fragte er seine Berater um Rat aber niemand hatte eine Lösung. Werbemittel Anlieferung Preisliste drucken. Die meisten Durians werden fĂŒr den lokalen frischen Konsum angebaut. Videos Videos. Kategorie Zuhause Go here Relaxsessel im Vergleich.

Stinkefrucht Video

Wir essen Stinkefrucht Durian 😳 Mangosteen & Jackfruit! Exotische FrĂŒchte testen! è€ć€–ćƒæŠŽèŽČ Mamiseelen Wie auch immer: Auf den MĂ€rkten von Singapur wird die „Stinkefrucht“ Durian vielerorts derzeit gratis verteilt. Grund dafĂŒr ist ein enormes. Stinkefrucht Ihre Heimat ist SĂŒdostasien wo sie schon Jahrhunderte kultiviert werde. Die Stinkefrucht sind weicher als der Rest in der Kammer. Die FrĂŒchte sollten bei Kauf unversehrt sein; ĂŒberreife DurianfrĂŒchte öffnen sich von selbst, worunter der Geschmack leidet und was auch bei extremem Duft Insekten anzieht. Offenlegung Print. Ein strenger bis stinkender Geruch deutet meist auf eine ĂŒberreife Durian hin. Hierzu werden Alkoholdehydrogenasen ADH benötigt. Gut zu erkennen sind Fruchtschale und die Fruchtkammern, Stinkefrucht den Arillus enthalten. Danach beginnt ihre Read article auf die MĂ€rkte und in den Export Beste in DС†rnten finden LĂ€nder. Das Genom enthielt etwa Nachrichten Nachrichten. In die NachbarlĂ€nder wurden ĂŒberwiegend frische Durians exportiert, in die Vereinigten Staaten gefrorene FrĂŒchte.

There are currently 30 recognised species see the List of Durio species. Lahia Hassk. There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over named varieties in Thailand and in Malaysia, as of It is native to Borneo and Sumatra.

Named in some regions as the "king of fruits", [5] the durian is distinctive for its large size, strong odour , and thorn -covered rind.

Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species.

Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour.

The smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as rotten onions, turpentine , and raw sewage.

The persistence of its odour, which may linger for several days, has led to the fruit's banishment from certain hotels and public transportation in Southeast Asia.

By contrast, the nineteenth-century British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described its flesh as "a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds ".

The flesh can be consumed at various stages of ripeness, and it is used to flavour a wide variety of savoury and sweet desserts in Southeast Asian cuisines.

The seeds can also be eaten when cooked. Durio sensu lato has 30 recognised species. The 6 additional species included in Durio s.

The crucial difference between the two is that anther locules open by apical pores in Boschia and by longitudinal slits in Durio s.

These three genera together form a clade that is characterised by highly modified mono- and polythecate, as opposed to bithecate anthers.

The genus Durio is placed by some taxonomists in the family Bombacaceae , or by others in a broadly defined Malvaceae that includes Bombacaceae, and by others in a smaller family of just seven genera Durionaceae.

Durio is often included in Bombacaceae because of the presence of monothecate anthers, as opposed to the bithecate anthers common to the rest of the mallows and angiosperms , in general.

However, the first studies to examine mallow phylogeny using molecular data found that the tribe Durioneae should be placed in the subfamily Helicteroideae of an expanded Malvaceae.

The authors of these studies hypothesise that monothecate anthers have most likely evolved convergently in Durioneae and in the Malvatheca clade comprising Malvaceae s.

A draft genome analysis of durian indicates it has about 46, coding and non-coding genes , among which a class called methionine gamma lyases — which regulate the odour of organosulfur compounds — may be primarily responsible for the distinct durian odour.

Durian trees are large, growing to 25—50 metres 80— feet in height depending on the species. The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx sepals and five rarely four or six petals.

Durian trees have one or two flowering and fruiting periods per year, although the timing varies depending on the species, cultivars, and localities.

A typical durian tree can bear fruit after four or five years. The durian fruit can hang from any branch, and matures roughly three months after pollination.

Since this species is open-pollinated, it shows considerable diversity in fruit colour and odour, size of flesh and seed, and tree phenology.

In the species name, zibethinus refers to the Indian civet , Viverra zibetha. There is disagreement over whether this name, bestowed by Linnaeus , refers to civets being so fond of the durian that the fruit was used as bait to entrap them, or to the durian smelling like the civet.

Durian flowers are large and feathery with copious nectar , and give off a heavy, sour, and buttery odour. These features are typical of flowers pollinated by certain species of bats that eat nectar and pollen.

Some scientists have hypothesised that the development of monothecate anthers and larger flowers compared to those of the remaining genera in Durioneae in the clade consisting of Durio, Boschia , and Cullenia was in conjunction with a transition from beetle pollination to vertebrate pollination.

Over the centuries, numerous durian cultivars , propagated by vegetative clones , have arisen in Southeast Asia. They used to be grown with mixed results from seeds of trees bearing superior quality fruit, but now are propagated by layering , marcotting , or more commonly, by grafting , including bud, veneer, wedge, whip or U-grafting onto seedlings of randomly selected rootstocks.

Different cultivars may be distinguished to some extent by variations in the fruit shape, such as the shape of the spines. Most cultivars have a common name and a code number starting with "D".

Each cultivar has a distinct taste and odour. More than cultivars of D. Mon Thong is the most commercially sought after, for its thick, full-bodied creamy and mild sweet-tasting flesh with relatively moderate smell emitted and smaller seeds, while Chanee is the best in terms of its resistance to infection by Phytophthora palmivora.

Kan Yao is somewhat less common, but prized for its longer window of time when it is both sweet and odourless at the same time.

In Vietnam , the cultivar, Musang King, is a common variety preferred by consumers. By , Thai government scientist Songpol Somsri had crossbred more than ninety varieties of durian to create Chantaburi No.

Popular cultivars in Malaysia and Singapore Singapore imports most of its durians from Malaysia, hence the varieties are similar although there may be slight variation in the names include "D24", which is a popular variety known for its bittersweet taste; "XO", which has a pale colour, thick flesh with a tinge of alcoholic fermentation; "Chook Kiok" Cantonese meaning: bamboo leg which has a distinctive yellowish core in the inner stem; and "Musang King" 'musang' is the Malay word for palm civet which is usually the priciest of all cultivars.

Musang King is known for its bright yellow flesh and is like a more potent or enhanced version of the D There are 13 common Malaysian varieties having favourable qualities of colour, texture, odour, taste, high yield, and resistance against various diseases.

Known locally as "durian IOI", this variety has a round shape, medium size, green and yellow outer skin colour, and has flesh easy to dislodge.

The flesh is medium-thick, solid, yellow in colour, and sweet. The flesh is thick, not solid, yellow coloured, and has a sweet taste. These species are commonly distributed in Brunei, and together with other species like D.

Although the durian is not native to Thailand , Thailand is ranked the world's number one exporter of durian, producing around , tonnes of durian per year, , tonnes of which are exported to mainland China and Hong Kong.

This single province is responsible for half of the durian production of Thailand. The Kadayawan Festival is an annual celebration featuring the durian in Davao City.

Durian was introduced into Australia in the early s and clonal material was first introduced in Over thirty clones of D.

Malaysia negotiated a deal with China to export the whole fruit frozen for the first time to China starting in , previously only Thailand was permitted to export the whole fruit to China.

The durian is a seasonal fruit, unlike some other non-seasonal tropical fruits such as the papaya which are available throughout the year.

In peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, the season for durians is typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the mangosteen.

Prices of durians are relatively high, compared with other fruits. In-season durians can be found in mainstream Japanese supermarkets, while in the West they are sold mainly by Asian markets.

The unusual flavour and odour of the fruit have prompted many people to express diverse and passionate views ranging from deep appreciation to intense disgust.

The five cells are silky-white within, and are filled with a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about three seeds each.

This pulp is the edible part, and its consistence and flavour are indescribable. A rich custard highly flavoured with almonds gives the best general idea of it, but there are occasional wafts of flavour that call to mind cream-cheese, onion-sauce, sherry-wine, and other incongruous dishes.

Then there is a rich glutinous smoothness in the pulp which nothing else possesses, but which adds to its delicacy. It is neither acidic nor sweet nor juicy; yet it wants neither of these qualities, for it is in itself perfect.

It produces no nausea or other bad effect, and the more you eat of it the less you feel inclined to stop. In fact, to eat Durians is a new sensation worth a voyage to the East to experience.

Wallace described himself as being at first reluctant to try it because of the aroma, "but in Borneo I found a ripe fruit on the ground, and, eating it out of doors, I at once became a confirmed Durian eater".

The natives give it honourable titles, exalt it, and make verses on it. While Wallace cautions that "the smell of the ripe fruit is certainly at first disagreeable", later descriptions by Westerners are more graphic in detail.

Novelist Anthony Burgess writes that eating durian is "like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory". It can be smelled from yards away.

Despite its great local popularity, the raw fruit is forbidden from some establishments such as hotels, subways and airports, including public transportation in Southeast Asia.

Other comparisons have been made with the civet , sewage , stale vomit , skunk spray and used surgical swabs.

In , researchers from the Technical University of Munich identified ethanethiol and its derivatives as a reason for its stinky smell.

However, the biochemical pathway by which the plant produces ethanethiol remained unclear such as the enzyme that releases ethanethiol.

The fruit's strong smell led to its ban from the subway in Singapore; it is not used in many hotels because of its pungency.

Hundreds of phytochemicals responsible for durian flavour and aroma include diverse volatile compounds, such as esters , ketones , alcohols primarily ethanol , and organosulfur compounds , with various thiols.

People in Southeast Asia with frequent exposures to durian are able to easily distinguish the sweet-like scent of its ketones and esters from rotten or putrescine odours which are from volatile amines and fatty acids.

Some individuals are unable to differentiate these smells and find this fruit noxious, whereas others find it pleasant and appealing.

This strong odour can be detected half a mile away by animals, thus luring them. In addition, the fruit is highly appetising to diverse animals, including squirrels , mouse deer , pigs, sun bear , orangutan , elephants , and even carnivorous tigers.

According to Larousse Gastronomique , the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. Some species grow so tall that they can only be collected once they have fallen to the ground, whereas most cultivars of D.

Some people in southern Thailand prefer their durians relatively young when the clusters of fruit within the shell are still crisp in texture and mild in flavour.

For some people in northern Thailand , the preference is for the fruit to be soft and aromatic. In Malaysia and Singapore , most consumers prefer the fruit to be as ripe and pungent in aroma as possible and may even risk allowing the fruit to continue ripening after its husk has already cracked open.

In this state, the flesh becomes richly creamy, slightly alcoholic, [41] the aroma pronounced and the flavour highly complex.

The various preferences regarding ripeness among consumers make it hard to issue general statements about choosing a "good" durian.

A durian that falls off the tree continues to ripen for two to four days, but after five or six days most would consider it overripe and unpalatable, [3] although some Thais proceed from that point to cook it with palm sugar, creating a dessert called durian or thurian guan.

Durian fruit is used to flavour a wide variety of sweet edibles such as traditional Malay candy, ice kacang , dodol , lempuk , [57] rose biscuits, ice cream , milkshakes , mooncakes , Yule logs , and cappuccino.

Es durian durian ice cream is a popular dessert in Indonesia, sold at street side stall in Indonesian cities, especially in Java.

Pulut Durian or ketan durian is glutinous rice steamed with coconut milk and served with ripened durian. In Sabah , red durian is fried with onions and chilli and served as a side dish.

Tempoyak refers to fermented durian, usually made from lower quality durian unsuitable for direct consumption.

Tempoyak can be eaten either cooked or uncooked, is normally eaten with rice, and can also be used for making curry. Sambal Tempoyak is a Sumatran dish made from the fermented durian fruit, coconut milk, and a collection of spicy ingredients known as sambal.

In Palembang, Pangasius catfish can be either cooked as tempoyak ikan patin fish in tempoyak curry or as brengkes pepes tempoyak , which is a steamed fermented durian paste in banana leaf container.

In Thailand, durian is often eaten fresh with sweet sticky rice, and blocks of durian paste are sold in the markets, though much of the paste is adulterated with pumpkin.

Malaysians make both sugared and salted preserves from durian. When durian is minced with salt, onions and vinegar, it is called boder.

The durian seeds, which are the size of chestnuts, can be eaten whether they are boiled, roasted or fried in coconut oil , with a texture that is similar to taro or yam , but stickier.

In Java , the seeds are sliced thin and cooked with sugar as a confection. Uncooked durian seeds are potentially toxic due to cyclopropene fatty acids and should not be ingested.

Young leaves and shoots of the durian are occasionally cooked as greens. Sometimes the ash of the burned rind is added to special cakes.

The nectar and pollen of the durian flower that honeybees collect is an important honey source, but the characteristics of the honey are unknown.

Tempoyak , made from fermented durian in Bandung , West Java , Indonesia. Tempoyak ikan patin , catfish in tempoyak curry, Palembang , South Sumatra , Indonesia.

Ketan durian , glutinous rice with durian sauce in Indonesia. Durian cake made of durian-flavoured dodol , Indonesian traditional sweet candy.

A street side durian ice cream in Bogor , West Java , Indonesia. Durian gelato in Singapore.

Durian cakes from Pontianak , West Kalimantan , Indonesia. The origin of the durian is thought to be in the region of Borneo and Sumatra , with wild trees in the Malay peninsula , and orchards commonly cultivated in a wide region from India to New Guinea.

Inside there are five things like elongated oranges, and resembling thick butter, with a combination of flavours. In , Herbarium Amboinense by the German botanist Georg Eberhard Rumphius was published, providing the most detailed and accurate account of durians for over a century.

The genus Durio has a complex taxonomy that has seen the subtraction and addition of many species since it was created by Rumphius.

It has been planted in the Americas but confined to botanical gardens. In Southeast Asia, the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the midth century.

In , the British botanist E. His theory was that endozoochory the enticement of animals to transport seeds in their stomach arose before any other method of seed dispersal , and that primitive ancestors of Durio species were the earliest practitioners of that dispersal method, in particular red durian D.

However, in more recent circumscriptions of Durioneae, the tribe into which Durio and its sister taxa fall, fleshy arils and spiny fruits are derived within the clade.

Some genera possess these characters, but others do not. The most recent molecular evidence on which the most recent, well-supported circumscription of Durioneae is based therefore refutes Corner's Durian Theory.

Since the early s, the domestic and international demand for durian in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN region has increased significantly, partly due to the increasing affluence of Southeast Asia.

A common local belief is that the durian is harmful when eaten with coffee [41] or alcoholic beverages. In , J. Gimlette wrote in his Malay Poisons and Charm Cures that the durian fruit must not be eaten with brandy.

Croft wrote in his Bombacaceae: In Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea that "a feeling of morbidity" often follows the consumption of alcohol too soon after eating durian.

Die Substanz ist bekannt aus zum Beispiel dem Lauch. Aber in keiner anderen Frucht als in der des Durianbaums wurde sie bislang sonst beobachtet.

Es gibt Verkostungen der unterschiedlichen Sorten und Provenienzen, vergleichbar mit Weinproben im europÀischen Raum. In den HauptanbaulÀndern wie Malaysia oder Thailand gibt es viele unterschiedliche Sorten, die sehr geschÀtzt werden und entsprechende Preise erzielen.

Haupthandelszentrum fĂŒr Durian-FrĂŒchte ist Singapur. In asiatischen GeschĂ€ften finden sich des Öfteren jedoch tiefgefrorene ganze FrĂŒchte, Durian-Segmente Samen mit Fruchtfleisch sowie gefrorenes Fruchtfleisch.

Zum Verzehr öffnet man die ganze Frucht an den NĂ€hten und entnimmt die vom Fruchtfleisch umhĂŒllten Samen aus den einzelnen Kammern; man trennt das Fruchtfleisch vom Samenkern ab.

Die FrĂŒchte sollten bei Kauf unversehrt sein; ĂŒberreife DurianfrĂŒchte öffnen sich von selbst, worunter der Geschmack leidet und was auch bei extremem Duft Insekten anzieht.

In Singapur werden nach dem Genuss von Durian hĂ€ufig MangostanfrĂŒchte verzehrt, da sie helfen sollen, die etwas schwer bekömmliche Durian besser zu verdauen.

Eine Durian wird gerade geöffnet. Der Handschuh dient als Schutz vor den Stacheln. Vergleich von zwei Sorten. Gut zu erkennen sind Fruchtschale und die Fruchtkammern, die den Arillus enthalten.

Das Fruchtfleisch der Durian umhĂŒllt die Kerne — die Segmente werden auch portionsweise verkauft teils tiefgefroren.

Die Samen werden in den AnbaulĂ€ndern ebenfalls zubereitet, z. Es wird vor dem Genuss von Alkohol zusammen mit Durian gewarnt, da dies zu krampfartigen Bauchschmerzen fĂŒhren kann.

Medizinische Untersuchungen zu dieser Frage brachten bisher kein eindeutiges Ergebnis, legen aber den Schluss nahe, dass keine schĂ€digende Wechselwirkung zu erwarten ist, die Beschwerden sind vorĂŒbergehend.

Dabei wird der Trinkalkohol Ethanol zunĂ€chst zu giftigem Acetaldehyd abgebaut. Hierzu werden Alkoholdehydrogenasen ADH benötigt. Im Fall der Durianfrucht sind Schwefelverbindungen fĂŒr die Hemmung verantwortlich.

Aufgrund der GeruchsbelĂ€stigung ist die Mitnahme von DurianfrĂŒchten in Hotels oder Flugzeugen meist nicht gestattet.

Setzt sich der Geruch erst einmal fest, ist es schwierig, ihn wieder loszuwerden. Im November sorgten im indonesischen Jakarta mehrere Tonnen Durian, die im Frachtraum einer Maschine der Sriwijaya Air verstaut worden waren, fĂŒr Tumulte unter den aufgebrachten Passagieren.

Das Flugzeug konnte erst mit einstĂŒndiger VerspĂ€tung starten, nachdem die FrĂŒchte wieder ausgeladen worden waren. Im Mai musste eine Bibliothek der University of Canberra wegen eines vermeintlichen Gaslecks gerĂ€umt und von der Feuerwehr durchsucht werden.

Ein GebĂ€ude der Deutschen Post wurde komplett gerĂ€umt. Zwölf Mitarbeiter mussten wegen Übelkeit medizinisch versorgt werden, sechs davon wurden vorsichtshalber ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert.

Heute werden Ausleseformen in vielen Gebieten der Tropen angebaut, besonders auf dem Indischen Subkontinent , in Indochina und Malesien. HauptproduzentenlÀnder sind Thailand, gefolgt von Malaysia und Indonesien.

Die meisten Durians werden fĂŒr den lokalen frischen Konsum angebaut. In die NachbarlĂ€nder wurden ĂŒberwiegend frische Durians exportiert, in die Vereinigten Staaten gefrorene FrĂŒchte.

Editio decima tertia 
 Gottingae. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Durian BegriffsklĂ€rung aufgefĂŒhrt.

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